The Institute for Clean and Secure Energy's CASE program has comprehensive simulation capabilities, laboratory and pilot-scale coal facilities, and extensive analytical capabilities:
Simulation - Philip Smith's group is the preeminent developer of the coal-combustion and gasification computer codes including the PCGC3, Banff, Glacier, and Jasper codes, used by industry. See ICSE Coal Simulation Tools for more detail on our latest tools.
Oxy-fuel combustion - The oxy-fuel team has developed laboratory and pilot-scale facilities for studying oxy-coal combustion including: the 250,000 btu/hr oxy-fuel combustor, which has been recently modified to allow for advanced optical diagnostics, a drop-tube reactor to study ash behavior under oxyfired conditions, a single-particle, fluidized-bed reactor, and a 1 million btu/hr circulating fluidized-bed reactor.
Gasification - The gasification team has unique capabilities for investigating both fundamental aspects of fuel conversion and performance of actual coal gasification systems. The different laboratories at the University of Utah and Brigham Young University provide complementary capabilities for studying coal conversion at scales ranging from milligrams to tons per day with the University of Utah's pressurized entrained-flow gasifier.
Sequestration - The sequestration team has a high-pressure, high-temperature experimental assembly to analyze CO2, brine and rock reactions for realistic coal-combustion exhaust-gas compositions.
Combustion chemical looping (CLC) - The CLC team is performing kinetic studies on a high-pressure thermal gravimetric analyzer (TGA) and an atmospheric TGA/DSC/MS. They recently developed a laboratory-scale, bubbling fluidized bed reactor for identifying CLC reaction behavior under process conditions, for studying the robustness of carrier materials under flowing conditions and for identifying byproducts and impurities in the product gases.
Analytical capabilities - CASE researchers take advantage of ICSE's extensive analytical facilities in particular nuclear magnetic resonance to understand soot formation under gasification conditions and advanced particle analysis to understand ash behavior under oxyfired conditions.